It needn't be so confusing!


Flooring Jargon Explained?

Below is a list of the common flooring materials with a brief description of what they are.

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Carpet will give a soft and warm feeling underfoot and is the most popular choice of domestic flooring for lounge, bedrooms, staircases and landings, in fact anywhere you require a softer, quieter feel underfoot. It also possesses good sound proofing qualities, especially for bedrooms. There is a multitude of choice with carpet. Not only the type, (the two main methods of manufacture are Woven or Tufted) but colour, design, surface finish, density of pile etc, and it all depends upon which room in the house you want to recover. You might choose a simple neutral soft carpet for your bedroom, or a hard wearing carpet for your stairs or landing. There was a time when the carpet you chose would last for decades, but now, with cheaper to produce man-made materials a carpet can be something that changes as fashion dictates.

Carpet is also good for general living areas such as sitting rooms and dining rooms in fact the only rooms we wouldn't suggest having carpet are in wet rooms such as bathrooms and kitchens where other options offer a more hygienic and easy to clean solution.


Once know by the name ‘lino’ or ‘linoleum’, vinyl flooring is low maintenance. It cleans well and wears well. There are many types of vinyl in different design. Wood effect, stone effect, tile effect, patterned or even plain. Vinyl is softer underfoot than wood and can also feel a little warmer.

Luxury vinyl tiles now including PEC Vinyl Tiles

LVT is an acronym for 'Luxury Vinyl Tile'. Don’t confuse Luxury Vinyl Tile with laminate or other types of' 'hard' flooring. LVT is constructed from layers of vinyl which, on the very top layer uses 3D printing technology and a PU protective surface coating, thus adding depth and realism to the finished design. Durability comes from a high performance wear layer which serves to provide a resilient finish. 

LVT has the same types of finished effect as vinyl, but the beauty of the LVT is that depending upon how stylish or artistic you feel, combining different types of LVT, for example wood and stone, can produce some stunning effects. Now with PEC or 'Precision Engineered Core' another height has been reached. This material is better at soundproofing and with its cork backing can be used on less than flat surfaces. It is waterproof and using a special click technology very secure.


Solid wood, Engineered wood and Laminate are very popular materials. Whether you choose Solid or Engineered is a matter for debate because there are pros and cons to both. Engineered wood is a man made product that is constructed from natural materials built from layers of ply that are bonded together to form a base, to which a layer of solid wood is then fixed. 

Engineered wood flooring has the advantage over solid wood because it is much more resistant to expansion and contraction. It can safely be fitted in rooms with temperature and moisture changes, like bathrooms and kitchens. Engineered wood is also great with under floor heating.

Laminate is a synthetic product composed of various layers that are fused together by a process of lamination. Laminate flooring dates from the late 1970s and is a fairly recent addition to the flooring family of products. Typically made up of five layers, laminate flooring can have the appearance of wood but also just about anything - stone, tile or marble - because the top layer which makes up the image is machine printed.